Montenegro opened Chapter 27 – Environment and Climate Change on December 12th, at the twelfth meeting of the Accession Conference with Montenegro at Ministerial level. At this moment, 32 of 35 chapters has been opened and three provisionally closed.
„This is another success for Montenegro and a recognition for Montenegrin institutions for the intense work they put in the harmonization of domestic legislation with the EU regulations and building of necessary administrative capacities”, Chief of Montenegrin delegation, Mr. Srđan Darmanović, said.
Even though Montenegro is defined by its Constitution as environmentally friendly country, the EC country report 2018 esteems that it needs significant efforts on implementation and enforcement, in particular in the areas of water quality, nature protection, and waste management.
Full implementation of regulations and standards within this Chapter costs approximately 1,6 billion EUR for a country of around 620,000 people. Furthermore, a strong and well-equipped administration at national and local level is imperative for the implementation and enforcement of the environmental acquis.
First steps towards common environmental policy in the EU, were taken in the middle 70s and were mostly focused on trade related issues and harmonization. Later, especially with the 1995 Enlargement, EU Environmental policy was significantly changed and expanded. Nowadays, EU has one of the leading environmental standards in the world. It aims to promote sustainable development and protect the environment for present and future generations.
Harmonising with the EU acqis in the field of environment is one of the most demanding process for accession countries. Every new Member State from recent Enlargements (2004, 2007, 2013) struggled to reach the EU environmental standards. The acquis is comprised from around 200 legal acts covering strategic documents, climate change, pollution and nature protection. In fact, it covers one third of the whole common rights and obligations that are binding on all EU countries